Formaldehyde is an organic compound of the aldehyde family of formula CH2O. This organic compound has different names: formaldehyde, formaldehyde or aldehyde formic or in the form of an aqueous solution. It is in this form that it is most used because it is very easily soluble in water. At room temperature, formaldehyde is a flammable gas. In nature, formaldehyde is found in cigarette smoke, forest fires, exhausts, but it is also produced in living organisms (including humans). The action of UV rays on the Earth's atmosphere also produces formaldehyde.
1. Use of formaldehyde :
Synthesized at the end of the 19th century, formaldehyde has since been used in the industry in particular as a disinfectant. Formaldehyde is also used as a fixer and preservative of corpses and very often in the production of chemical products. Thus formaldehyde has been used as a food preservative, as well as in the manufacture of household products and cosmetics. It is also used in the manufacture of medical and paramedic equipment or to embalm the bodies awaiting burial. Associated with other chemicals, such as phenol or melamine, formaldehyde or formaldehyde, can be used to make explosives, synthetic foams or paint.
2. The dangers of formaldehyde :
Formaldehyde is an organic compound that has been classified as carcinogenic since 2004 for nasopharynx cancer by the International Cancer research Centre. Formaldehyde is, according to some studies, very dangerous to health. For example, the French Agency for Environment and Labour Safety (Afsset) estimates that exposure beyond a certain threshold (0.25 mg/m3 over 8 hours) can cause serious physical disorders that can go as far as cancer development . Thus formaldehyde leads to a risk of eye irritation, high exposure can cause more severe irritations of the airways and repeated exposures to peaks can lead to a risk of cancer.
3. Substitute for Formaldehyde :
In a professional environment, formaldehyde is often used as a disinfectant. Formaldehyde is present during air disinfection operations (formaldehyde generator) or contact cleaning. The substitution of formaldehyde is possible:
• With preparations based on peracetic acid and oxygenated water (hydrogen peroxide) as our product: APABIO.
• With detergent mixtures: quaternary ammonium, glyceraldehyde, sulfamic acid, alcohol.
Companies or cleaning companies should therefore opt for equipment or machines using disinfectant products based on peracetic acid and/or hydrogen peroxide.
These products are totally biodegradable and harmless to humans and its environment at low concentration.
Following the ban on formaldehyde, IBL Specifik offers and sells The' APABIO, a potent broad-spectrum disinfectant based on peracetic acid and hydrogen peroxide, 100% ecological.
Prohibition of formaldehyde and other substances?
You will find herewith the list of banned substances to date:www.legifrance.gouv.fr
Publication 2011 in the Official Gazette of the French Republic: Prohibition of use of certain biocidal products
The InVS's expert report on the link between certain cancers and exposure to formaldehyde is available on the Institute's website: www.invs.sante.fr ("Publications" tab, "Scientific Reports" section, "Health and Work" section).